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Tracing Persian Sufi Literature in Hamzah Fansūrī’s Writings

& Leyla H. Tajer


Traces of intellectual and spiritual connection between the Persian and the Malay world became prominent in 16th century, through the works of Hamzah Fansūrī—a renowned Malay scholar and mystic who is also revered as the father of Malay literature. Hamzah’s contributions may be regarded as an intellectual gateway that connected Southeast Asian Muslims to the rest of the Muslim world. His writings exhibit a command over Arabic and knowledge of Persian language, in addition to his mother tongue, Malay.

In his three outstanding treatises: 1) Asrāru’l-‘Ārifīn (The Secrets of The Mystics); 2) Sharābu’l-‘Āshiqīn (The Drink of Lovers); and 3) Al-Muntahī (The Adept), there are numerous references to the writings of Persian poets and thinkers. In between his discussions he often quotes passages and verses from renowned personalities such as Fakhr al-Din Iraqi (d. 1289), Abd al-Rahman Jami (d. 1492) Muhammad Ghazali (d. 1111) Jalal al-Din Rumi (d. 1273), Sa‘di-e Shirazi (d. 1291), and Mahmoud Shabestari (d. 1340).

In 2018 the first ever translation of Hamzah Fansūrī’s works into Persian by the present authors, was published. The translation provides a platform upon which the Persian reader could  familiarize himself with Hamzah’s thoughts, and realize the extent of presence of Persian sources in the formation of such literature. This book presents the outcome of a detailed survey of  Hamzah’s aforesaid treatises, highlighting the remarkable presence of Persian poetry and prose in his writings. It will also discuss the context in which such passages were used, and how they fit in Hamzah’s worldview and teachings.

Weight .350 kg
Dimensions 21.5 × 14.5 cm
Weight .350 kg
Dimensions 21.5 × 14.5 cm
Page Count

103 pages


Amir H. Zekrgoo


The Other Press Sdn Bhd